Les plantes à huile des zones arides: un or vert pour les populations défavorisées des pays du sud
 
AccueilFAQRechercherS'enregistrerMembresGroupesConnexion

Partagez | 
 

 Myanmar (Birmanie)

Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Aller en bas 
AuteurMessage
Olivier
Admin
avatar

Nombre de messages : 264
Age : 44
Localisation : Planète Terre / France - Mexique
Date d'inscription : 24/04/2007

MessageSujet: Myanmar (Birmanie)   Sam 5 Mai - 23:20

Roundup: Myanmar plans sharp increase of biofuel output in 2008

Myanmar has projected a sharp increase of biofuel output next year from Jatropha physic nut plantations to substitute diesel, according to the Myanmar Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Saturday.

Up to 8 million acres ( 3.24 million hectares) of the plants will be grown to realize the projected increase of the biofuel up to 20 million tons a year, the ministry-run enterprise dealing with industrial crops said.

Jatropha physic nuts were being planted on 1.6 million acres ( 648,000 hectares) mainly in three dry zones of Mandalay, Sagaing and Magway divisions, it said.

Official statistics show that Myanmar yielded about 90 million gallons (405 million liters) of diesel a year while importing more than 200 million gallons (900 million liters) annually to meet its domestic demand.

According to the enterprise, Myanmar has about 15.85 million acres (6.41 million hectares) of land suitable for growing Jetropha plants.

Myanmar has eyed physic nut oil as fuel since late 2005, advocating the use of it as fuel in the country and urging the country's people to grow such nut plantations extensively.

The authorities also stressed the need for the country to use such biodiesel to avoid spending millions of foreign exchange on fuel, pointing out that the use of biodiesel as an alternative fuel for petrol, kerosene and diesel would also enable rural people to avoid searching fuelwood and help protect forests from depletion and conserve trees.

Cultivation of an acre (0.405 hectare) of land with 1,200 physic nut plants can produce up to 100 gallons (454.6 liters) of biodiesel, Myanmar experts said.

There are two physic nut species in Myanmar -- Castor and Jatropha. Crude oil derived from milled Jatropha can be directly used as fuel only after filtering it with cloth. Experimental use of the Jatropha crude oil in running machines and cars has shown promising results, experts added.

Meanwhile, since October 2005, Myanmar has raised its official fuel prices under limited supply quota to a record high by nearly nine times to 1,500 kyats (1.22 U.S. dollars) from the previous 180 kyats (14 U.S. cents) per gallon for petrol and 160 kyats (13 cents) per gallon for diesel.

The government held that despite the fuel price hike, which is still comparatively lower than the regional and the world market prices, the government still remains subsidized with the fuel supply.

In addition to the official fuel prices, there exists a market prices at 3,800 Kyats (about 3 dollars) per gallon for petrol and 4,800 Kyats (about 3.84 dollars) for diesel.

In a bid to cut the cost of oil imports as well as under an ambitious plan to modify all vehicles in the country in terms of fuel operation, the government has also introduced a program since August 2004 to substitute fuel with gas for transportation purpose, targeting to convert all diesel and petrol vehicles operating in the country to run on compressed natural gas (CNG) partly because of having abundance of natural gas domestically.

So far, a total of over 10,000 petrol- or diesel-run motor vehicles have been so converted in the former capital of Yangon.


Source: Xinhua

http://english.people.com.cn/200705/05/eng20070505_372247.html
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://jatropha.forumactif.com
Baudoin



Nombre de messages : 1
Date d'inscription : 22/08/2008

MessageSujet: Re: Myanmar (Birmanie)   Ven 22 Aoû - 18:16

Bonjour, j'ai commencé une plantation de jc en Birmanie , à partir d'une graine locale; à mi aout 2008, une centaine d'hectares étaient déja plantés sur des terrains inexploités jusqu'à présent; je recherche des partenaires financiers pour développer cette plantation (mon partenaire birman dispose de plus de 1.500 hectares plantables) et mettre en place un process de pressage des grains. Les graines ont été mises directement en terre et les manquants (15% au bout de deux mois ont été remplacées par les plants developpés en pépinière).
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur
 
Myanmar (Birmanie)
Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Revenir en haut 
Page 1 sur 1
 Sujets similaires
-
» reproduction de tourterelles naine de birmanie
» PERDU ELIOT chat mâle sacré de Birmanie à Avignon (84) le 03-07-2010
» infos pratiques et impressions sur : cambodge /birmanie / inde du sud /laos
» Rivages du Monde privatise en Birmanie
» sacré de birmanie

Permission de ce forum:Vous ne pouvez pas répondre aux sujets dans ce forum
 :: RESEAU Jatropha - Monde-
Sauter vers: